SO245 Online Exam 7_10 SCORE 100 PERCENT

Question 1 of 40 5.0 Points
A day after Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, __________ ordered mobilization against Austria-Hungary.
A. Britain 
B. Russia 
C. Italy 
D. France
Question 2 of 40 5.0 Points
According to __________, “Armed conflict kills and maims more children than soldiers.”
A. GraçaMachel
B. S.L.A. Marshall 
C. Franklin Roosevelt 
D. Lt. Col. Grossman
Question 3 of 40 5.0 Points
The French wars of religion amounted to a civil war that ended in:
A. the conclusive victory of the Roman Catholic Church. 
B. a protracted and inconclusive stalemate. 
C. the conclusive victory of the Protestant Huguenots. 
D. the expulsion from France of all French Protestants.
Question 4 of 40 5.0 Points
According to your reading, regarding the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs, which statement is TRUE?
A. The role of Aztec warriors was forcing weaker states to pay tribute. 
B. The Aztecs thought the Spaniards were demons. 
C. Because the Aztecs were illiterate, they could not read Spanish treaty provisions. 
D. The Aztecs rallied numerous tribes in an effort to defeat the Spaniards.
Question 5 of 40 5.0 Points
Who among the following proposed that “Man is wolf to man”?
A. Winston Churchill 
B. Robert Lewis Stevenson 
C. Sigmund Freud 
D. Aristotle
Question 6 of 40 5.0 Points
Following World War I, which country refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles?
A. United States 
B. France 
C. Russia 
D. Italy
Question 7 of 40 5.0 Points
The concept of national sovereignty was established by:
A. the European invasion of the Holy Lands. 
B. the Treaty of Westphalia. 
C. the Protestant Reformation. 
D. The Peace of Augsburg.
Question 8 of 40 5.0 Points
During World War I, the Triple Alliance consisted of:
A. Britain, France, and the United States. 
B. The Austro-Hungarian Empire, France, and Britain. 
C. Britain, France, and Russia. 
D. France, Britain, and Italy.
Question 9 of 40 5.0 Points
By the end of World War II, the only two countries that could claim to be world powers were:
A. Japan and the United States. 
B. Germany and Japan. 
C. the Soviet Union and Germany. 
D. the United States and the Soviet Union.
Question 10 of 40 5.0 Points
In respect to the Treaty of Versailles, the last of Wilson’s 14 points proposed:
A. that all nations must disarm. 
B. the creation of a League of Nations. 
C. the creation of a World Court. 
D. that nations shall not enter into secret agreements.
Question 11 of 40 5.0 Points
In 1914, Great Britain declared war against Germany. What was the reason for this decision?
A. Britain had to honor its treaty with Belgium. 
B. The British felt that they should render assistance to France. 
C. The British were alarmed by Russia’s rush to mobilize. 
D. Britain was an age-old enemy of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Question 12 of 40 5.0 Points
Regarding __________ colonialism, the highest rates of alcoholism, depression, poverty, and suicide are found among Native Americans.
A. domestic
B. indigenous
C. internal
D. nativist
Question 13 of 40 5.0 Points
During which major battle in the Pacific did kamikaze attacks result in very high American casualty rates?
A. Iwo Jima 
B. Okinawa 
C. Battle of Midway 
D. Guadalcanal
Question 14 of 40 5.0 Points
The age of Western colonialism ended following World War II. The nation that led that trend was:
A. France. 
B. the United States. 
C. Belgium. 
D. Great Britain.
Question 15 of 40 5.0 Points
Partisans use strike and retreat, harassment, and sabotage tactics. Partisans can be said to engage in __________ warfare.
A. disorganized
B. revolutionary
C. civil
D. asymmetric
Question 16 of 40 5.0 Points
In the actuality of war, the means of diplomacy–trade, commerce, and civil discourse–are suspended. Therefore, it can be said that:
A. war is an extension of politics by other means. 
B. there is a radical discontinuity between peace and war. 
C. there is an inevitable alternation between war and peace. 
D. diplomacy is an ineffective effort to forestall inevitable armed conflict.
Question 17 of 40 5.0 Points
During the first day of the Battle of the Somme, of 100,000 British troops who stormed the German defenses, some 60,000 were killed by:
A. massed artillery. 
B. mustard gas. 
C. machine guns. 
D. counterattacking German troops.
Question 18 of 40 5.0 Points
During the American Civil War, which of these technological advances was directly linked to logistics?
A. The invention of the Spencer repeating rifle 
B. The utilization of machine mass production 
C. The utilization of the factory system 
D. The use of railroads for moving men and supplies
Question 19 of 40 5.0 Points
The von Schlieffen plan was aborted:
A. by Belgian resistance. 
B. at the First Battle of the Somme. 
C. by the Allies’ use of mustard and chlorine gas. 
D. at the first Battle of the Marne.
Question 20 of 40 5.0 Points
Concerning the Armenian genocide, which statement is TRUE?
A. Armenians are an ancient Muslim people. 
B. Few Armenians were killed; most were deported from Turkish territory. 
C. To this day, Turkey denies any part in the Armenian genocide. 
D. The massacre only ended after 1945.
Question 21 of 40 5.0 Points
Under British rule in India, British-trained native troops were called:
A. Lions. 
B. Bengals. 
C. Tigers. 
D. Sepoys.
Question 22 of 40 5.0 Points
At its height, the British Empire occupied about __________ of Earth’s land areas.
A. one fifth 
B. one third 
C. one eighth 
D. one fourth
Question 23 of 40 5.0 Points
Since 1931, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand are referred to as __________ of the British Commonwealth.
A. provinces
B. colonies
C. crown provinces 
D. dominions
Question 24 of 40 5.0 Points
Every __________ person on our planet lives in poverty.
A. third
B. fifth
C. eighth
D. tenth
Question 25 of 40 5.0 Points
A __________ is a set of assumptions that are taken for granted.
A. principle
B. theory
C. doxa
D. hypothesis
Question 26 of 40 5.0 Points
When was Japan a de facto colony?
A. Under General Douglas Macarthur from 1945 to 1947 
B. During the Meiji Restoration 
C. Briefly following the Russo Japanese of 1905 
D. During the Chinese Yuan Dynasty
Question 27 of 40 5.0 Points
Regarding Portuguese and Spanish colonialism, all of the following are 
true EXCEPT:
A. 
the English word, “chocolate” came from the Aztec word – chocolatl.
B. Portugal colonized Brazil. 
C. the potato is native to Colombia. 
D. silver and gold acquired from New Spain funded colonialism.
Question 28 of 40 5.0 Points
Regarding peripheral countries or regions, all of the following are true EXCEPT:
A. they are all dependent on core countries for capital. 
B. the term peripheral is not necessarily synonymous with poverty. 
C. most of the impoverished countries are in Africa. 
D. there is a downward spiral to the bottom as peripheral states lower 
wages in order to compete with all other nations.
Question 29 of 40 5.0 Points
In the New World, the era of Western colonialism was initiated by:
A. Portugal. 
B. Spain and Portugal. 
C. Holland and Spain. 
D. France and England.
Question 30 of 40 5.0 Points
Between 1600 and 1765, the British East India Company established __________ at Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras.
A. presidencies
B. companies
C. provinces
D. commonwealths
Question 31 of 40 5.0 Points
Who was King Leopold’s “man in Africa”?
A. Joseph Conrad 
B. David Livingston 
C. Albert Camus 
D. Henry Morton Stanley
Question 32 of 40 5.0 Points
According to Wallerstein, during the 17th and 18th centuries, because that country’s economy was all but entirely domestic, Russia was counted among the __________ nations.
A. external
B. core
C. peripheral
D. semi-peripheral
Question 33 of 40 5.0 Points
In the 19th century, as a result of the economic depression in Europe, colonial powers used their colonies as “dumping grounds” for masses of the unemployed. An earlier 18th precedent for this sort of thing occurred when thousands of __________ were shipped to __________.
A. unemployed Dutch peasants; Aruba and New Amsterdam 
B. unemployed Scottish miners; New Zealand 
C. unemployed Scots-Irish miners; the U.S. Appalachians. 
D. British convicts; Australia
Question 34 of 40 5.0 Points
In 1750, Sir Robert Clive:
A. established the British trading post at Madras. 
B. defeated the French military assault in India. 
C. established the British trading center at Calcutta. 
D. single-handedly established the British Raj in India with his forces.
Question 35 of 40 5.0 Points
Wallenstein describes the world system as dynamic and ever changing. Thus, today, all of these countries are considered postindustrial states EXCEPT:
A. the United States. 
B. the European Union. 
C. Brazil. 
D. Japan.
Question 36 of 40 5.0 Points
In America, classical liberalism was abandoned for a time, following:
A. the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. 
B. the Civil War. 
C. President Kennedy’s assassination. 
D. the stock market crash of 1929 and the subsequent Great Depression.
Question 37 of 40 5.0 Points
In the Rwanda genocide:
A. three quarters of the Hutu people were slaughtered. 
B. approximately 300,000 thousand men, women, and children were killed. 
C. three quarters of the Tutsi people were slaughtered. 
D. the genocide was initiated by the Tutsi people.
Question 38 of 40 5.0 Points
Today, Canada’s RCMP is an entirely independent agency and the rough equivalent of America’s:
A. DEA. 
B. CIA. 
C. FBI. 
D. ATF.
Question 39 of 40 5.0 Points
Among the Western nations that joined in the 19th century rush to establish colonies in Africa, which nations led the pack in terms of square miles claimed?
A. Great Britain, France, and Belgium 
B. Great Britain, France, and Portugal 
C. France, Spain, and Great Britain 
D. France, Great Britain, and the Netherlands
Question 40 of 40 5.0 Points
Great Britain outlawed the slave trade in:
A. 1865. 
B. 1861. 
C. 1833. 
D. 1807.

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