Compose a 1500 words assignment on ancient medieval thinkers. Needs to be plagiarism free! Moreover, philosophers also have their own faults and failings. Plato’s views are anti-democratic and curtail the choices and opportunities of the citizens. His idea of ‘philosopher king’ challenges the fundamental equality of all people. Aristotle has rightly stated that it is not essential for a state to have a ‘philosopher-king’ but a king can take advice from the true philosophers. In doing so he would be able to enrich his state with good deeds and not merely with good words.Socrates defined his perfect state in Plato’s Republic. According to Socrates, there is one perfect state and four lesser states. Socrates argues that a perfect state is ruled by the people who are best in war and philosophy (Ryan, para 1). Men and women perform some duties in war and peace. The guardians live on the communal property instead of personal property. The four lesser states are timocracy (love of honor and military glory), oligarchy (rule of small elite class), democracy (rule of the common people), and tyranny (dictatorship of one). Socrates believes that a perfect state can fall to lesser states due to miscalculation by the government officials about birth. Due to miscalculation, the next generation of guardians will include persons of inferior nature (Socrates called them souls made of iron or bronze) as opposed to ideal guardians (souls made of gold and silver).3. After you’ve read book 1 of Aristotle’s “Politics,” what do you think of Aristotle’s understanding of why the city is natural? This is one of his most basic claims. What does he mean by natural and why the city is an example of something that is natural? Modern political philosophers like Hobbes and Locke said that all human society was artificial, based on agreement, knowing that they were rejecting Aristotle’s claim. Who do you think is basically correct?According to Aristotle, the creation of a city is .natural (Politics 3). Aristotle defines nature as “a principle or cause of being moved and of being at rest in that to which it belongs primarily, in virtue of itself and not accidentally (Maher 3).” Aristotle states that a city grows out of the natural needs of human beings. Aristotle argues that people have some basic natural needs and to fulfill these natural needs men form partnerships. .
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