Weekly DiscussionsAnswer each question with a short paragraph. APA format and citations.WK 2Discussion 1Explain the statement, “What may be an ethical dilemma for one registered nurse may not be an ethical dilemma for another registered nurse.” Be sure to define an ethical dilemma in the course of your discussion. Describe a challenging situation in your nursing career that required you to consider the ethical dimensions of the patient case and the role you played in providing care. (Be sure to respect and maintain patient and colleague confidentiality.)Discussion 2Apply the framework of The Five R’s approach to ethical nursing practice from this week’s reading to answer the questions about values and choices.What are values?Q. What are your personal values?Q. Why do you value them?Q. What are the values in your society?Q. How do you make choices?Q. Are your choices based on your values?Q. What values are useful in society?What are the limits to personal choice?Q. Who limits your choices?Q. Are limits to choices good?Q. Do you limit other people’s choices?Q. Should the health care organization or the government limit people’s choices? If so, how, and under what circumstances?In your responses to peers, feel free to agree, disagree, question, compare, and discuss each other’s responses in a way that fosters thoughtful and respectful dialog. You may also address the following: Did any responses surprise you? If so, how? Did reading your peers’ responses to the questions expand your own view of ways to answer questions?Finally, consider this: A common idea in health care is that if you are drawn to health care as a profession, you are inherently guided by an inner compass that is composed of a strong moral framework. Why is this a dangerous assumption?WK 3Discussion 1Discuss the potential controversy when considering a patient’s right to know whether a caregiver has AIDS, and the caregiver’s right to privacy and confidentiality.Consider the following: A physician cut his hand with a scalpel while he was assisting another physician. Because of the uncertainty that blood had been transferred from the physician’s hand wound to the patient through an open surgical incision, he agreed to have a blood test for HIV. His blood tested positive for HIV and he withdrew himself from participation in further surgical procedures.Discuss the ethical and legal issues.Discussion 2The following questions refer to your experience in this week’s exercise, Conducting Moral and Ethical Dialog in Clinical Practice. Describe your overall experience with the moral and ethical dialog exercise, and address at least three (3) of the following:· Did you find any of the scenarios more difficult to deal with than others? · Did you feel any internal conflict with any of the scenarios? · How did your personal and professional background impact how you decided to interact with the patient? · Do you feel the responses the patient gave to the practitioner’s response were reasonable or typical? · Were you taken aback by any of the patient reactions? · How might this activity contribute to your role as a nurse advocate in a moral and ethical practice? · Did you utilize an ethical decision making model to explore a systematic way to evaluate any of these ethical dilemmas? If so, describe the effectiveness. WK 4Discussion 1Apply the differences between negligence and malpractice to the practice of nursing. Provide examples to illustrate your points.Discussion 2Read the following article and view the video on the same case. How can this example be used as an illustration of maintaining patient safety and providing safe, effective care? Identify some of the possible barriers that nurses face when acting on what they believe to be the morally correct action in this particular case. Patient Safety Advocate Carole HemmelgarnCPR’s John Daley reports on on patient safety advocate Carole Hemmelgarn – See more at: http:// www. cpr. org/news/story/ colorado-mom-story-daughters-hospital-death-key-others-safety# sthash.1 USwjbQ2. dpufWK 5Discussion 1Specifically define the role of the registered nurse in patient advocacy. Describe situations in whichnursing advocacy can assist patients within the healthcare environment. Defend why nurses are, or are not, adequately prepared, in prelicensure education, to act as patient advocates. Discussion 2Betty, the chief nursing officer, had to make a decision about buying 120 new hospital beds for patient rooms. After she interviewed nurse mangers at the units where the beds were going to be placed, Betty compiled her findings and decided to contact a well-known equipment company to obtain prices and contracts. The equipment company’s executive salesperson, Jim, discussed options at length with her and invited her and her significant other to an upcoming all-expenses-paid lavish retreat at a five-star hotel in Hawaii to see demonstrations of the beds and to hear a comprehensive sales pitch. Betty thought to herself, “We badly need some relaxation and stress relief. Hawaii would be so much fun. Would it be wrong for us to go?”· If you were Betty, what would you do? Give your rationale. Justify your answer with an ethical framework—a theory, approach, or principle.· Do you consider this situation a conflict of interest? Why or why not? Give your rationale.· What policies, if any, should be in place regarding a scenario such as this one? Do you have any such policies in place at work for similar situations? Do such policies impact day-to-day activities in any way? Explain. WK 6Discussion 1Citing scholarly resources in your work is required throughout your program. Follow the instructions in the bullets below to direct you where to find resources on effective search strategies. This week, you will support your organizational ethics presentation using at least two sources. Share your chosen topic and the key words and search strategies you used with your peers so that you can review each other’s work and provide peer-to-peer feedback. Also, describe what you think are the most important search features when narrowing down topics in the databases and why.Go to the Library’s Research Basics: Search Tips Guide:https://guides.westcoastuniversity.edu/c.php?g=77469&p=500486Discussion 2Betty, the chief nursing officer, had to make a decision about buying 120 new hospital beds for patient rooms. After she interviewed nurse mangers at the units where the beds were going to be placed, Betty compiled her findings and decided to contact a well-known equipment company to obtain prices and contracts. The equipment company’s executive salesperson, Jim, discussed options at length with her and invited her and her significant other to an upcoming all-expenses-paid lavish retreat at a five-star hotel in Hawaii to see demonstrations of the beds and to hear a comprehensive sales pitch. Betty thought to herself, “We badly need some relaxation and stress relief. Hawaii would be so much fun. Would it be wrong for us to go?”· If you were Betty, what would you do? Give your rationale. Justify your answer with an ethical framework—a theory, approach, or principle.· Do you consider this situation a conflict of interest? Why or why not? Give your rationale.· What policies, if any, should be in place regarding a scenario such as this one? Do you have any such policies in place at work for similar situations? Do such policies impact day-to-day activities in any way? Explain. WK 7Discussion 1Discuss the elements of informed consent and provide a clinical example about what can happen when some elements are not adhered to.Discussion 2Describe an organizational environment that would facilitate the ethical practice of nurses caring for chronically ill patients. As you read about patient rights, describe one patient right that is often not fully implemented in the patient care environment. Identify specific strategies to help ensure that this right is supported within the patient care environment. Explain how the registered nurse can assist in protecting patient rights.WK 8Discussion 1Describe a clinical situation in which a registered nurse may encounter moral distress. Answer the AACN’s Four A’s found on page 84 in your Butts and Rich text to further explain the situation, and the possible mitigation strategies.Discussion 2Describe different ways that social media use can violate ethical nursing practices. How can ethical social media use be beneficial to health care professionals and their patients?
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