Expert Answer :150-200 words discussion board


Solved by verified expert:Initial PostChapters 6 and 7 discuss the early Federal period, the beginning of our nation’s development. During this time the nation doubled it size stretching all the way to the Rocky Mountains and south to Florida. It won respect from the British in the War of 1812. The fledgling nation had survived. There were cultural, political, social, technological, and economic changes during this time as well.Pick a person or decision made in this period 1789-1815.Why do you think the person or decision is significant to the development of the United States?Explain your choice using facts and evidence from the reading and/or resources for Week 7. You must use the reading for this week which begins on page 171 “Completing the Structure” through Chapter 7 of the text.


Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Expert Answer :150-200 words discussion board
Just from $10/Page
Order Essay


Unformatted Attachment Preview

Elastic or Necessary and Proper clause
The debate that began in the Washington administration and continues is over the question whether
Congress is able to enact legislation concerning things that are not specifically mentioned in the
Constitution as granted to the Congress. It is what we call the debate between a strict or literal
interpretation of the Constitution and a loose interpretation of the Constitution.
The debate in the Washington administration was over the Bank of the United States. Since nowhere in
Article 1, section 8 (that delegates powers to the Congress) does it specifically state Congress can
charter a bank. There is a list in Article I. section 8 of what powers are given to the Congress and what it
can specifically do. We call these enumerated powers as they are listed out.
However in Article 1 section 8’s last paragraph it states” To make all laws which shall be necessary and
proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this
Constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.”
This last paragraph has been called the “necessary and proper clause” or the elastic clause…as to make
any laws necessary and proper for the functioning of the above list stretches the powers that one can
interpret as given to Congress.
For example Hamilton argued that Congress could charter a bank as it was necessary to carry out
functions specifically granted in that list such as laying and collecting taxes and borrowing money.
Hamilton favored interpreting Article 1, section 8 “loosely”.
Jefferson on the other hand believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution. He said to use the
“elastic” or “necessary and proper clause” to argue Congress could charter a bank would open up too
much power for the federal government. Parties developed over these debates on policy and on how to
interpret the Constitution.
Election of 1800
The “Revolution” of 1800
▪ Jefferson and Burr tie
▪ 36 ballot deadlock
▪ Judiciary Act of 1801
Chapter Seven, Brinkley
Jefferson’s Background
First Inaugural Address
▪ Themes
Cutting the Debt
▪ Persuaded Congress to abolish all
internal taxes
▪ Reduced government spending
▪ Cut executive department
▪ Reduced ambassadors from 5 to 3
▪ Scaled down armed forces
▪ Cut federal debt in half
War with Barbary Pirates
▪ 1801 Background
▪ Jefferson helped establish West
▪ Jefferson built up naval forces
Conclusion 1805
▪ Jefferson sends
▪ Tripoli makes deal
▪ U.S. pays ransom
▪ All tribute stops
Naval Spending Rises
▪ 1802: $ 500,000
▪ 1806: $1,600,000
Conflict with the Courts
▪ Attack on the
Marbury v. Madison
▪ Marbury appointed Justice of the
▪ Appointed under Judiciary Act 1801
▪ Marshall failed to deliver his
▪ Marbury goes to the Supreme Court
▪ John Marshall is Chief Justice
Marshall’s Decision
▪ Marbury retains his commission
▪ Clause in the Judiciary Act 1789
requiring Madison to deliver it
▪ Establishes judicial review
Attempts to control courts
▪ Tried to impeach
Federalist judges
▪ Succeeded in one
▪ Judge insane
▪ Judges become
less partisan from
Jefferson and Napoleon
▪ Jefferson instructs Livingston to purchase
New Orleans
▪ Livingston proposed French sell all
▪ Napoleon offers it for $ 15 million
▪ Was it constitutional?
The Louisiana Purchase
Lewis and Clark
▪ Why
▪ Results and importance
Jefferson and
Jefferson’s 2nd Term
Conflict on the Seas
▪ Both Britain and France violate
neutral rights
▪ British considered the worse
offender because of impressment
Chesapeake-Leopard Incident
▪ 10 miles off
▪ Leopard fires
killing 3
▪ 18 Americans
▪ Jefferson expels British ships from
American waters
▪ Jefferson demands end to impressment
▪ British offer:
▪ to return 3 of 4 captured
▪ recall the Leopard’s commanding officer
▪ compensation for those killed
Peaceable Coercion
▪ Embargo Act
▪ Prohibited all
Peaceable Coercion
▪ Embargo Act
▪ Wholesale
▪ Jefferson
habeas corpus
▪ Jefferson uses
martial law
Non-Intercourse Act
▪ Congress abolishes Embargo Act
▪ New act forbid trade with Britain and
▪ Legislation expired in 1810
▪ Other tensions between U.S. and
The New Republic
Chapter 6
Washington’s Administration
Washington’s Administration
• Washington elected President
• Adams elected Vice-President
• Inauguration on April 30, 1789
The First Congress
• Bill of Rights drafted by Madison
– Passed Sept. 1789
– 10 ratified 12-15-91
• Federal Courts organized
– lower courts organized
• Cabinet
Hamilton’s Plans-Funding and Assumption
• Pay the federal debt by taxing whiskey
and imports, a tariff
• Sell government bonds and pay interest
– Bondholders have stake in new
Debate over Funding and Assumption
• Why were some states against?
• Compromise
Hamilton’s Plan–Bank of the United
• Bank chartered by the federal
– provide loans and currency to business
– house the nation’s currency
– issue bank notes
Debate over the Bank
• Hamilton : Constitution permitted
a bank
– “implied powers” Article I section 8
– “all things necessary and proper to
carry out its duties
– do anything not expressly prohibited
Jefferson’s Argument Against the Bank
• Strict interpretation of the Constitution
• Constitution does not grant Congress
the power to charter a bank
• Washington accepted Hamilton’s
Republican Opposition
• Feared too strong a central government
• Disliked Federalist program such as
tariff, whiskey tax, and B.U.S.
• Disliked Federalists using their control
over appointments to reward
Differing visions
• agrarian America with citizen-farmers
– suspicious of large cities fearing urban
– felt cities increase number of propertyless
– applauded the French Revolution
Divisions of the Parties
• Republicans
– commercial
farmers in the
– planters in the
– appalled by
aristocratic tone
of the Federalist
• Federalists
– strongest in New
– area had
commercial ties
to Great Britain
– tradition of
hierarchy and
Whiskey Rebellion
• Background
• What happened
• Results
– Washington calls out militias of 3 states
– force of 15,000
– rebellion collapsed and tax collected
• Significance
Foreign Policy Under Washington
• Neutrality Act of 1793
• Jays Treaty 1794
– fails to achieve new goals of
compensation for British attacks on
American shipping
– British agree to leave the Northwest
Pinckney Treaty 1795
• Spain grants right to navigate the
Mississippi and deposit goods at New
• agrees to fix the northern boundary of
Florida where Americans desired
• required Spanish to prevent Indians in
Florida from raiding across the border
Washington’s Farewell Address
• Washington chooses to step down after
two terms
– Key points
– Significance
Election of 1796
• John Adams President
• Thomas Jefferson becomes VicePresident
• Federalist party divided
Quasi War with France
• French vessels capture American ships
• Adams sends Pinckney, Marshall, and
Gerry to France in 1797
• Tallyrand’s agents demand a “bribe’
before negotiations can begin
• Result was a wave of anti French
Aftermath of the XYZ Affair

Adams cuts off trade to France
Creates a Department of the Navy
Constructs new ships
Authorizes American vessels to capture
French armed ships
• France agrees to new terms in 1800
Repression and Protest in the Adams
• Federalists control Congress due to
conflict with France
• Fear of French immigrants fleeing
France during French revolution
• Alien and Sedition Acts passed
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
• Jefferson and Madison wrote them
• Based on “compact theory”
– Constitution was a compact of the states
– The states decided what was
Federalist Achievements

Purchase answer to see full

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code ESSAYSHELP