Expert Answer :Cohesion and coherence article.


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Lena Alattas
Text Linguistic & Translation.
Intact discourse cohesion and coherence following bilateral
ventromedial prefrontal cortex
Being among widely studied macro-linguistics measures of discourse production, discourse
cohesion and coherence gives communication its continuity providing the grammatical and
lexical links which hold texts together. According to Halliday & Hasan (1976), cohesive ties act
as the indicators for word and sentence on the relations. These indicators allow researchers who
engage participants to create rhythm when conversing about a given topics. The study explains
that difference between cohesion and coherence. Whereas coherence stresses on the overall
meaning, cohesion involves the continuity within and between specific sentences.
According to several researchers conducted in the past with an objective of reviewing and
analyzing how hippocampal declarative memory can help discourse cohesion and coherence.
Several studies have been conducted in the past to help examine how hippocampal declarative
memory may be used to discourse coherence. As Kurczek & Duff (2001) stipulates, in many
cases the adequacy of the ties is more often concluded to be incomplete as their ratings drop
below comparison participants as they produced fewer cohesive ties.
Analysis of cohesion and coherence is carried out in line with Kurczek and Duff (2011).
According to them, the standard data analysis procedure of cohesion and coherence involves
scheming variety of discourse through several methods say procedural, storytelling or picture
description amongst both healthy participants and those with vmPFC damage as shown in table
1. A clear observation from the table shows that despite vmPFC participants possessing well
documented morbid changes in both social and emotional processing to determine if their
psychological profiles are firm.
Table 2 shows the findings of the frequency of cohesive ties. It can be seen from the table that
the total ties exhibited by cohesion was 3133 in both comparison participant and vmPFC. Also,
the table shows no great differences in the number of ties across individual task. Story retelling =
0.04, generation= 0.76, narrative = 0.26 and procedural = 0.32. the results in the first row present
the average number of ties associated with cohesion. According to the results shown in table 2, it
is easy to conclude that in spoken discourse cohesion and coherence is free of impairment effects
from bilateral vmPFC damages.
It’s also evident from the previous studies that the means and ways of acquisition and common
ground usage does not depend upon vmPFC (Gupta, Tranel, & Duff, 2012). Furthermore,
converging and familiarizing to become similar with various linguistic variable across the
conversation several findings reveals (Gupta, Tranel, & Duff, 2011).
Participants with vmPFC damage were conditioned through various tests which was in
accordance to standard test limits as tabulated in table 1. Using the procedure stated by Kurczek
and Duff (2011) analysis of cohesion and coherence is performed across three narratives and
procedural discourse. During this analysis, transcripts are recorded for different number of
sentences, the utterance is distributed into T – units and each word in the false start are included
in the total word count. Although the findings show that comparison participants produced more
words than vmPFC participants, the difference is not significant to cause any difference. T- unit
is an independent clause or any associated subordinate clauses (Hunt, 1970). Lastly, testing the
reliability of the set data is important and examined through several analyses.

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