Expert Answer :the effect of ramamdan on body weight

  

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EFFECT OF RAMADAN ON BODY WEIGHT IN ADULTS AMONG MUSLIMS
1
Typical Dietary Practices of Muslims
Typical dietary practice of Muslims normally allow for eating most foods with a few
restrictions. Restrictions in the Muslim diet are guided by Islamic law. The diet consists of all
foods that are halal or lawful under Islamic religious law (references). However, the following
foods are considered unlawful to eat: 1) pork and its by-products; 2) animals improperly
slaughtered or dead before slaughtering; 3) animals slaughtered in the name of anyone but Allah
(God); 3) carnivorous animals; 4) birds of prey; 5) animals without external ears (some birds and
reptiles); 6) blood; 7) alcohol; and 8) foods contaminated with any of the foods identified above
(El-Zibdeh, 2009).
Some Muslims choose to restrict their diets to only halal-certified foods and can shop for
these items in ethnic markets. Additionally, many Muslims eat foods listed in the Quran such as
olives, honey, yogurt, dates, figs, grapes, pomegranate, and legumes (El-Zibdeh, 2009). These
foods are components of the Mediterranean diet which is considered one of the healthiest diets
by nutrition experts (El-Zibdeh, 2009). Overall, the typical diets of Muslims are guided by
spiritual connections to the Quran and mainly consist of healthy foods. However, the diet of
Muslims varies by geographic region, culture, and economic status –Need some info about the
typical diet of Muslims around world and how they differ. I wrote this section so that you would
know what info to provide East Indian Muslims follow the diet of their culture. Nutrition
varies depending of the degree of development in a country. Those living in developed nations
have higher rates of overweight and obesity, and this reflects a higher calorie intake. Does it also
EFFECT OF RAMADAN ON BODY WEIGHT IN ADULTS AMONG MUSLIMS
2
reflect a higher reliance on fattier, processed foods? You should provide some information on
this – you do have some of this above in the introduction section.
The Effect of Ramadan on Body Weight and Health Outcomes
*Wafa – This is the most important part of your research paper and needs to have the most
references. Please search for more studies and explain what the study was about when it comes
to Ramadan and weight. I also changed the sequence so that you are talking about weight gain
first and then weight loss second. Generally, you had too much information about weight loss
and little proof about it.
Although losing weight is not the driving force for fasting, some use fasting to lose
weight (El-Zibdeh, 2009). During Ramadan, many Muslims experience a weight gain due to the
consumption of high calorie food and desserts, overeating at buffet-style Iftar parties, and
reduced physical activity. In contrast, some Muslims consume more nutritious foods and use the
fasting to detoxify their bodies (El-Zibdeh, 2009). Ultimately, the typical diet of Muslims during
Ramadan can change to either a calorie-laden or nutrient rich diet.
This part is excellent – but needs more work!
Since the Iftar meal is larger, higher in calories and occurs after sunset when people are
more sedentary, many Muslims gain weight during Ramadan (Google Sites, 2018 – reference not
acceptable). Need more studies like this one  Bakhtomah (2011) conducted a study with 173
Saudi (Jeddah, Western Saudi Arabia) families to determine if there was a pattern of food
consumption and dietary habits during Ramadan and compare that to self-reported weight gain
after Ramadan. One out of five families indicated that their food consumption increased during
Ramadan and approximately two thirds of the respondents (59.5%) reported weight gain after
Ramadan (p. #). Forty percent of respondent attributed their weight gain to types of foods eaten
EFFECT OF RAMADAN ON BODY WEIGHT IN ADULTS AMONG MUSLIMS
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and the time of day meals are eaten. As important, one third (31.2%) of the families reported
weight gain was due to lack of physical exercise during Ramadan and 14.5% of the families
indicated increased weight was due to higher amount of food consumed (p. #). Two thirds
(65.2%) of the families who reported increased expenditure also reported weight gain (p. 84).
Need additional studies that show Ramadan has an effect on body weight.
The foods eaten for Iftar are typically rich in fat and carbohydrates and most of these
foods are consumed after sunset. Research shows that meal timing plays a role in weight
management. A phenomenon called, “circadian misalignment,” appears to negatively affect
postprandial glucose control, typically seen among those with pre-diabetics
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4677771/ . Circadian misalignment is the
interruption of the body’s normal sleep pattern. People who eat the majority of their meals at
night are typically overweight and obese
(https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4677771/). I want you to do a lot more research
on circadian misalignment. Discuss the studies on this (both in mice and humans) and the health
outcomes (insulin resistance, decreases in leptin, and other. This is an important part of your
research. I have provided two research articles – you can locate more!
I wrote this for an article – this will give you some idea of what you should write!
Your circadian rhythm is basically a 24-hour internal clock that is running in the background of your
brain and cycles between sleepiness and alertness at regular intervals. It’s also known as your
sleep/wake cycle. Your hypothalamus in your brain is at the center of your circadian rhythm – when it’s
dark at night, your eyes send a signal to the hypothalamus that it’s time to feel tired. Your brain, in turn,
sends a signal to your body to release melatonin, which makes your body tired. That’s why your
circadian rhythm tends to coincide with the cycle of daytime and nighttime (and why it’s so hard for shift
workers to sleep during the day and stay awake at night). A lot of research shows that people eat more
at night and that food isn’t metabolized the same way it would be if it were eat during the day – glucose
metabolism is off. Gastric motility and emptying are most efficient during the day – optimal. The Nurses’
Health Study is one of the longest research studies whose focus is women’s health. In addition to lack of
sleep, the risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity were greater for women who worked the night shift.
Theories about the relationship between lack of sleep and weight gain include:
EFFECT OF RAMADAN ON BODY WEIGHT IN ADULTS AMONG MUSLIMS
o
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More awake time and thus, more time to eat
Hormonal imbalances which leads to hunger
Food is more likely to be a snack or fast food
Your research on the positive effects of Ramadan on body weight is sparse! You basically have
nothing, and I deleted a lot of the information you provided. It was not substantive – fluff! If
you are going to include it, locate RESEARCH and explain the studies that show there is
arepositive benefits. Ensure it is quantitative research, e.g. blood pressure or blood glucose
decreased.
There are some studies which show there are positive health outcomes associated with Ramadan
(references – you need four to five). Abstinence from food and drink may improve health indices
such as blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and blood glucose levels (reference). Some Muslims
avoid sugar and other fatty foods as a way of ???. There is a significant amount of body weight
change in which individuals who do not overeat in the morning will have weight loss (Hameed &
Raza, 2016) – I do not understand this study. Due to the absence of water, salt, sugar, and all
processed foods, there is a connection to a decrease in overall negative impact of diabetes and
hypertension (Hameed & Raza, 2016). Weight gain is also an important part of the fast because
individuals who practiced fast without having a very heavy fat or salt meal in the early morning
to prepare for the daily fast are more likely to have positive outcomes. What are those positive
outcomes?

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