Expert Answer :Unit VIII Essay – Health Environmental Safety


Solved by verified expert:I have attached an APA formatted paper, the Unit VIII Assignment readings and the user and password to be able to access the articles in my CSU account. Please let me know if you forgot where they are located. Citation: Goetsch, D. L. (2015). Occupational safety and health for technologists, engineers, and managers (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.Choose at least five articles—two of which must be professional, peer-reviewed journal articles from the CSU online library—on the importance of ethical decision making for the environment and the development of a safety-first corporate culture. Using your research, write an essay that focuses on the importance of emergency evacuation based on ethical decision making for the environment and the development of a safety-first corporate culture. Your essay should be written using APA style and consist of three to five pages. User: samantha.miller2PW: Anadarko2018!


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Management of Safety and
Course Learning Outcomes for Unit VIII
Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:
4. Assess leadership and management principles related to occupational safety and health.
4.1 Explain the corporate safety-first culture and the importance of ethics.
7. Formulate effective safety and health management initiatives and strategies that mitigate
occupational injuries and illnesses.
7.1 Explain the importance of emergency evacuation.
7.2 Explain the importance of ethical decision making for environmental safety.
Reading Assignment
Chapter 25:
Preparing for Emergencies and Terrorism
Chapter 31:
Establishing a Safety-First Corporate Culture
Unit Lesson
Chapter 25: Preparing for Emergencies and Terrorism
This particular chapter is quite interesting in that it has taken on a whole new meaning since those events that
occurred on 9/11. Yet even before 9/11, requirements for emergency planning were included in numerous
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and National Fire Prevention Association (NFPA)
standards or codes. One in particular, 29 CFR 1910.38, is entitled “Emergency Action Plans” and applies to
every employer of 10 employees or fewer. The OSHA regulation was originally drafted in 1980 and updated in
2002. This regulation requires applicable employers to draft a plan, train employees on the plan, and review
the plan annually. The regulation, however, stopped short of requiring actual evacuation drills. The conduct of
evacuation drills, unless specifically cited in a separate OSHA regulation, is covered more under NFPA
standards, and is associated with annual fire drills that you may remember from your school days. So, outside
of some other OSHA regulation or requirement by some other governmental body or industry standard, you
may not have ever been involved in an evacuation drill. However, this does not eliminate the necessity to
conduct such a drill.
To set up such drills, first enlist the support of the local fire department, property insurance carrier, and alarm
company (if applicable). All three of these groups can provide you with assistance in conducting and
evaluating the evacuation drill. The drill itself may take on many forms in many different environments, but
some of the basic elements are always the same. There has to be some form of notification requiring the
need to evacuate, there must be someone in charge to ensure an orderly evacuation, and there needs to be
some way to account for everyone that was evacuated. We all can remember when we were in school and
would have fire drills. We would all run outside and stand in the parking lot until someone came out and told
us to go back in.
Rather than repeating this little exercise that we did in school, try a drill that is more inclusive. If you train a
group of leaders to participate during an emergency, then, at a minimum, train them on the following subjects:

evacuation routes and procedures;
first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and automated external defibrillators (AEDs);
MOS 5101, Safety and Accident Prevention

fire extinguishers and other fire systems (if applicable); and
how to conduct any necessary inspections of support equipment.
With this last bullet, try to include inspections required on fire extinguishers, first aid supplies, AEDs, means of
egress, illuminated exit signs, and emergency lighting as required by the NFPA 101: Life Safety Code
handbook. If the building is multi-storied, this is also a good time to train on what to do with those with mobility
The next thing you can do is train realistically. If this was a real emergency with a real evacuation, the
evacuees will not be repatriated in 30 minutes as we learned during our training in school. Realistically, we
may not even return to this building tomorrow. The building may be totally gone. The other scenario here
could be that, in the middle of the evacuation, it could be raining or snowing. Right after taking your
accountability check (roll call) and making a report of this to the incident commander, you could move the
evacuees to some comfortable area that is protected from the elements. Once the evacuees are collected in
such an area, try to make arrangements for water and seating. If the evacuees are to be here for a long time
(three or more hours), one might even consider bringing in food. It is also during this time frame that the
evacuees need to be briefed on when they can expect to return to their work area and where they should go if
they cannot return to this building. Additionally, if their vehicle is on the other side of the fire line (perimeter set
up by first responders), how are they going to be transported to where they need to go? It is against the law to
cross the fire line, and if it becomes necessary to move the evacuees, how is this going to be done?
By involving the fire department in your training exercise, not only will it add realism to the evacuation drill, but
it will also allow the fire department professionals to evaluate the effectiveness of the evacuation and provide
times on how long it took for everyone to get out of the building. By involving the alarm company (if
applicable), not only do you get somebody who can initiate the alarm and also deactivate it, but you can also
get an idea of how long it takes for the alarm company to respond. By involving these two agencies, you also
eliminate the necessity for you to be on the scene. Therefore, you can go and conduct a briefing in the safe
area for all the employees to hear.
These procedures of building evacuation are also useful for any type of an emergency—not just fire.
Scenarios such as bomb threats, active shooters, and even environmental concerns that can cause a building
evacuation may be utilized as training scenarios. If you do not already have procedures in place for bomb
threats, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has provided a nice checklist at this website:
Chapter 26: Ethics and Safety
This chapter is a critical read for anyone in any profession. Not only does it cover a very important topic, but it
also presents information that can be useful to just about anyone. The bottom line here is that your decisions
and actions need to be based upon the golden rule (i.e., do unto others as you would have others do unto
you). If you always follow this, ethical decisions become easier. Although there may be some of you who will
argue that ethics are not the same across societies, they really are. According to Robbins and Coulter (2012),
ethics are based on four basic things: personal training/beliefs, written institutional beliefs, the stated
organizational beliefs, and the actual practices that are in place in the organization. Your own personal beliefs
and training incorporate things such as what your parents and other adult figures taught you while growing up,
any spiritual guidance that you may have received, and any other instructions that you may have received
while growing up. Other than this, we all basically have the same ethical background; we just have to utilize it.
Chapter 29: Environmental Safety and ISO 14000 (Environmental Management)
This chapter covers very interesting and very realistic concerns. Although we touched on indoor air quality
earlier, it is also addressed here under the heading of “Indoor Environmental Quality.” At some point, if you
are going to have these types of issues, my advice to you is to call in a professional that does this type of
work on a regular basis. Often, these individuals are certified industrial hygienists (CIH) or other such certified
individuals. Sampling becomes important, and if a biological agent is suspected (as it is often with molds or
fungi), you need to understand that molds or fungi have a tendency of blooming under certain conditions, so
when the samples are taken, it must be done in a relatively short period of time from the point that the
symptoms were first realized. Samples will be drawn on small dishes (petri), collected, and grown. It is very
important that samples are taken outside of the building as well to establish a baseline. It is from this baseline
MOS 5101, Safety and Accident Prevention
that investigators can establish whether or not there is actually a biological issue
in the
of the
workspace. Further, there should be a thorough inspection of the heating, ventilating,
Title and air-conditioning
(HVAC) system to include filters and ductwork. Often, biological spores may seek out these areas for growth.
This chapter also addresses ISO 14000 and mentions that it is an opportunity to level the playing field. Quite
frequently, environmental issues are not attended to—particularly in developing countries. These countries
frequently absorb the manufacturing activities that are no longer profitable for developed countries. One of the
reasons for this could be that these developing countries do not have labor unions, the equivalent of OSHA,
or other applicable rules and regulations as well as environmental rules, regulations, and oversight. With
global warming and other global environmental issues, how activities are conducted around the world needs
to be scrutinized a bit better. This is where international standards come into play.
Chapter 31: Establishing a Safety-First Corporate Culture
In this particular chapter, the author presents information concerning how to instill a safety culture in an
organization, and provides information on the safety profession in general and in the future. It is a very
interesting chapter to go over and understand that the safety profession itself is still evolving. This is a very
dynamic field. Just depending on where you are employed will depend on how many issues that you are
actually going to be involved with. It is advisable to become a member of the American Society of Safety
Engineers (ASSE) and become an active member in your local chapter. This organization has tremendous
resources available to include a monthly magazine, training (both online and during annual training sessions),
chat rooms, training resources, and libraries. Also, it is advisable for you become a member of the National
Safety Council (NSC). This organization can provide the same sundry of support; it just may be presented in a
more reader-friendly view. However you wish to go, it might be useful to devote at least one hour a day to
professional reading. This way, not only will you expand your own educational base, but you can also gain
valuable insight to what others may have to say.
Robbins, S. P., & Coulter, M. (2012). Management (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Suggested Reading
The following three websites provide very useful information that helps to supplement your required reading
from the textbook:
National Fire Protection Association. (n.d.). Emergency preparedness. Retrieved from
Occupational Safety & Health Administration. (2002). Emergency action plans. Retrieved from
MOS 5101, Safety and Accident Prevention
Unit VIII Project
Student Name
Professor Name
Title of Paper
Triple click your mouse anywhere in this paragraph to replace this text with your
introduction. Often the most important paragraph in the entire essay, the introduction grabs the
reader’s attention—sometimes a difficult task for academic writing. When writing an
introduction, some approaches are best avoided. Avoid starting sentences with “The purpose of
this essay is . . .” or “In this essay I will . . .” or any similar flat announcement of your intention
or topic. Read more: Center for Writing Excellence>Tutorials and Guides>Essay
Development>Guidelines for Writing Academic Essays.
Level One Heading
Goetsch, D. L. (2015). Occupational safety and health for technologists, engineers, and managers
(8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

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