Solved by verified expert:IntroductionIn this assignment, you will be using the DSM-5 (link given in the resources), which provides descriptions of psychiatric conditions, including criteria for determining whether a condition exists and treatment recommendations, as well as other details.You will view several conditions in the DSM-5 (listed below) and you will begin to formulate your own perspective on whether it is nature or nurture at the heart of the criminal behavior. Is criminal behavior the result of how we are raised or how we are wired neurologically or biologically? You may also want to consider why people in identical situations or factors do not generally display identical behaviors or reactions.For this assignment, you will review the media Jason’s Case Study (attached) as a focus, as you start to develop you own premises of how you would explain criminal behavior. There is no wrong or right answer in terms of which of the disorders you choose. Your success will be determined by how well you are applying the basic components of the disorder you choose.InstructionsAfter reviewing the media Jason’s Case Study, access the DSM-5 and read about the following:Affective disorder. For example, depressive and bipolar disorders. Is Jason’s difficulty self-regulating, a biological condition, or a learned behavior?Substance abuse. For example, is Jason’s drug use indicative of a disease model or is it socially influenced?Anxiety. For example, is Jason dealing with a neurochemical or hormonal imbalance, or is it a learned behavior or a behavior modification, or is there some secondary gain for Jason?Psychotic disorders. For example, does Jason experience thought distortion or difficulty with reality testing?In your paper:Analyze the case study in terms of the psychology described in the DSM-5. Note: Choose only one of the disorders listed that you think is most closely related to Jason’s case. Through your analysis of Jason’s case study and your reading in the DSM-5, describe how he meets the criteria of the disorder you have chosen. Remember, a disorder is based on time, duration, intensity, and the degree to which it interferes with everyday functioning (social, interpersonal, work, and patterns in relationships) and not just the observable behavior.Determine social factors (for example, parenting styles, rejection by loved ones, lack of limits, et cetera) that impact Jason’s behavior (for example, his bullying, lying, and drug use).Describe what you have found in the case that is relevant for a court case for either the defense or the prosecution. Without considering establishing competency or sanity, reflect on the implications of what you have seen in the DSM-5 and the case study in terms of criminal justice for Jason.Other RequirementsYour paper should meet the following requirements:Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message.APA formatting: Resources and citations are formatted according to current APA style and formatting guidelines.Length of paper: 3-4 typed, double-spaced pages, not including the title page or the references page.References: A minimum of three references.Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.Link to DSM: https://dsm-psychiatryonline-org.library.capella.e…https://dsm.psychiatryonline.org/doi/book/10.1176/…
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Case Study : Jason’s Story
Jason is a twenty-year-old patient who is accused of second-degree
murder for killing a twenty-one-year-old female (Yvonne) one year ago,
and was subsequently certified into a state forensic hospital for further
evaluation and treatment while awaiting trial. His counsel intends to
allege that he was in a dissociative state, due to possible drug use, when
he stabbed the victim to death.
Jason is an only child . From the age of five, his teachers and parents noted undue aggression,
distractibility, and a lack of concentration. By his own admission, he was impulsive, acted out,
and experienced temper tantrums three to four times per week. At school and at home his temper
problems continued and he was described at school as “a bully with no friends” His parents noted
that around the age of nine, they began to see a cycle developing. In the first stage of the cycle,
he would start school, a project, or a new routine motivated and positive. His positive beginnings
were short-lived however, and he would become frustrated, blow up, and get angry, followed by
a calm period. His parents noted that his ability to cope with feelings such as frustration related
to the phase of the cycle.
At the age of thirteen, his maternal grandfather, with whom he was very close, died. This was
devastating to him. He took this quite badly as his grandfather was a significant person in his
life. In grade seven (age thirteen), he attended a new school, and although he was very anxious
about starting there, the year began well. However, within six months his parents reported that he
had poor peer relationships and was bullying other children. He was suspended for stealing items
from other student’s lockers. During this period, he reports that he frequently lied and stole from
his parents. Jason admitted, in the intake interview, that he started using marijuana when he was
After Christmas that year, his parents sent him to live with his aunt, uncle, and cousins. He got
along well with his relatives for most of the spring and few problems were noted with his temper.
His mood stabilized. In May, however, he threatened his Aaunt with a knife when she tried to
stop him from taking his Uncle’s motorcycle. He dropped the bike on the ground and ran into the
house. He proceeded to start destroying his possessions. When confronted by his aunt he broke
down and started to cry. He was remorseful about the incident but was returned home to his
His parents state that there was a great deal of emotional tension in the house. He was referred to
the Nelson Treatment Centre for assessment, but Jason refused to see the therapist. During the
summer months in subsequent years, he spent a lot of time at the family cottage and seemed to
benefit greatly from his relationship with Yvonne (the murder victim). The relationship was
described by his parents as a “brother-sister” relationship. He returned to school in September
each year, but was suspended often for infrequent attendance. His mother reports that he was
difficult to tolerate because of his drug use and his refusal to do any chores around the house. His
mother reported that she was afraid of him because his outbursts were so unpredictable.
An unchaperoned house party led to substantial damage to Jason’s house and this resulted in a
significant confrontation with his parents. His parents asked him to leave (He just turned
eighteen) and he spent several weeks living in Yvonne’s apartment. He reports that his status at
her apartment was one of a friend who was staying with her temporarily.
During this period he had a girlfriend who broke up with him. His parents reported that he was
quite upset by this. He stole Yvonne’s car, drove to his grandmother’s summer cottage, and broke
in. He vandalized several cottages. After spending two days at the cottage, he decided to return
the car to Yvonne.
However, he panicked when he saw the police at the roadblock (checking for drunk drivers). The
police chased him but he managed to lose them. He hid for an hour and started driving again but
fell asleep while driving and the car ended up in the ditch. He walked to the nearest town, went
to the police department, and told them what happened. He was arrested and sent to the Mental
Health Center for a court-ordered assessment. He was given a one-year probation (convicted of
six counts of Breaking and Entering, taking an automobile without consent, and careless
driving). His conditions of treatment included seeing a doctor and attending group therapy.
About six weeks prior to the homicide, Jason reports that he started having what he called
“rushes” in which he would feel very strange, tense and agitated. The acute stage would last for
about five minutes but he would continue to feel strange for a few hours. His parents had left
town on a two-week holiday and he was staying at home alone. He sought help from his uncle
who took him to the emergency room at the hospital. The doctor described Jason as being “very
anxious, continually clenching his fists” and gave him a prescription for diazepam.
The night prior to the homicide he stayed at a friend’s house partying (doing acid and drinking
vodka). The next evening around 9 pm, he went to stay with Yvonne. He reports waking up at
3:00 am trying to control his feelings of panic and his need to run away. He was having suicidal
thoughts and felt that he needed to take Yvonne’s car and get away. At some point he remembers
the knife being in his hand and that he was stabbing Yvonne in a state of extreme emotional rage
(victim was stabbed approximately sixteen times). He claims he did not remember the actual
attack, but he remembers feeling a sense of relief some time afterward. He remembers covering
the body with a sheet. He says he took a shower, changed clothes, took her car keys and left. He
went to work and told them he did not feel well. When asked about cuts on his hands he claimed
he had cut his hand when changing a tire. He returned to Yvonne’s apartment and took her car
and left the city heading towards his grandmother’s cottage. The car broke down several miles
outside the city. When the police stopped to ask him if he needed help he acted very confused
and could not identify himself. The police arrested him.
Jason has not been able to explain adequately the motivation behind his actions. He reports he
does not understand why he would have killed his “best friend.” During the interview, he talked
at length about his friendship with Yvonne, described her as like a big sister to him, and
expressed remorse for what he had done. He stated that he felt she was the only person in the
world that he could turn to and that he valued her friendship and support.
When he first arrived at this hospital, Jason reported that he wanted to gain insight into his
behavior. More recent reports, however, indicate that he blames the homicide on his mental
illness and is refusing to take part in psychotherapy. In the last four months, he seems to have
gained a measure of control over his impulses and has not been a management problem on the
unit. According to nursing reports, Jason tends to have somewhat condescending attitude towards
the other patients and can be sarcastic to staff when denied a request. It has also been noted that
Jason will “go shopping from staff to staff when he does not receive the answer he wants.”
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