This is a research writing. Whereby, please complete chapter 2 and…This is a research writing. Whereby, please complete chapter 2 and chapter 3 using the attached chapter 1 writing done by me. Below are the components that needed in each chapters respectively :- Research Topic: Body weight status and financial status with food insecurity among university students food bank users. Chapter 1 1.1 Research background1.2 Objectives – 1 General Objective – 4 Specific Objectives 1.3 Hypothesis – 2 Null hypothesis – 2 alternate hypothesis 1.4 Problem statement Chapter 2 2.0 Literature review Chapter 3 3.1 STUDY DESIGN3.2 SAMPLING METHOD3.3 INCLUSION & EXCLUSION CRITERIA3.4 STUDY INSTRUMENT3.5 DATA ANALYSIS3.6 ETHICS CONSIDERATIONS 3.7 EXPECTED OUTCOME 4.0 REFERENCES 5.0 GANTT CHART Body weight status and financial status with food insecurity among university students’ food bank users. 1.1 Research Background Numerous university students are experiencing food insecurity, but little is known about how this affects their academic performance. Using data from a single university, we investigate how food insecurity affects students’ academic performance, the number of courses they take, and their likelihood of dropping out of school owing to financial constraints. After that, we talk about programmes that may help kids who are food insecure. An investigation on the incidence of food insecurity in first-year students and its socioeconomic, academic, and food pantry correlates has been conducted. (El Zein et al., 2019) Today, more than 70 percent of high school graduates immediately enrol in a university or university to pursue a bachelor’s degree. Despite the fact that the system of higher education is technically accessible, most students cannot afford to attend college. Price increases at public institutions have been outpacing the growth in median income as a result of significant decreases in state funding for public colleges. The federal government’s student aid and tax credit programmes have done nothing to offset this, and although while student loans are widely available, many students are unable to acquire the financial assistance they need or opt not to take out loans at all for fear of going into debt. As a result, the adjustment to university life may be more challenging than many students had anticipated. Students’ spending preferences may change as a result of an increasing financial load. Students are more likely to face food insecurity because they must spend their limited funds on necessities such as rent, tuition, and utilities before they can afford to buy food. Post-secondary education’s social and health benefits are well acknowledged, but the reality of food poverty in some communities calls into question those benefits. Nutritionally adequate, safe, and acceptable foods that can be obtained in socially acceptable methods are classified as food insecurity. The term “food insecurity” can apply to a variety of situations, including running out of food and not being able to pay more, worrying about having enough to eat, or consuming a poor-quality diet due to budgetary constraints. The Malaysia Department of Agriculture (USDA) uses a continuum of food security status to classify persons. Those who have a high level of food security do not have to worry about running out of food. Afraid of running out of food, those who are only marginally food secure are nonetheless able to get their hands on the things they crave. Low food security causes a decline in the quality, diversity, and appeal of a person’s nutritional options, although there is no evidence of a decrease in food consumption. People who have low food security exhibit a wide range of symptoms, including disturbed eating habits and decreased food intake. During their first year of college, first-year University students are particularly vulnerable to food poverty since they are transitioning into their newfound independence while simultaneously learning to adapt to a new environment. It is not uncommon for many of these University students to have trouble with a wide range of new responsibilities, such as budgeting. For those who have been separated from their families and friends for an extended period of time, the loss of social support might have a negative impact on their eating habits. Many first-year University students may also have a lack of awareness about nutrition, restricted earning potential, and the resources needed to prepare healthful food. In addition, kids may be more likely to acquire weight and engage in unhealthy eating habits than older people . The first year of university has been regarded as a “critical developmental window” for limiting weight gain, which is paradoxically linked to food hardship. There has been an increase in the number of research that highlight the prevalence of food insecurity among students in the United States. Student food insecurity was found to range from 14.1 percent at an urban Alabama institution to 59.0 percent in a rural Oregon university, according to a recent systematic assessment of data. Post-secondary universities may have an issue with food poverty because of the widespread use of campus food pantries. Post-secondary students who experience food poverty are more likely to identify as racial minorities, be financially independent, have an annual income of less than $15,000, live off-campus with roommates, get a Pell grant, and be employed while in school. Even if students only suffer food poverty for the duration of their academic career, the lack of access to healthy meals can lead to unhealthy habits and an elevated risk of chronic disease. Those who are food insecure have lower chances of eating breakfast or home-cooked meals, eat less fruits, vegetables, and legumes than those who are well-fed, and engage in less physical activity. As a result, chronic food insecurity can lead to obesity and its related health problems, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease. Poor mental health and academic performance have been linked to food hardship as well. Food insecurity has been linked to higher rates of sadness and anxiety, a decreased capacity to focus, and worse grade point averages among kids compared to their peers. As a result, a lack of access to nutritious food can have a negative impact on one’s health and ability to do well in school. There is presently no data on how many first-year University students are at risk of food insecurity because of a lack of study in this area. Students from eight different institutions were included in the current study El Zein et al. Additionally, this survey gives us an unprecedented look at campus food pantries, one of the fastest-growing efforts to alleviate food insecurity on university campuses. An investigation of first-year University students’ health, academic and sociodemographic variables by food security level was conducted in this study to fill the gaps in the literature. First-year University students in the Malaysia were the focus of our study question: Is food insecurity connected to health and academic outcomes? To test this hypothesis, we examined the health and academic performance of pupils who were food-insecure with those who were not food-insecure. An evidence-based approach to addressing student hunger and financial difficulties will be supported by the findings of this study. (Pancer et al., 2000) 1.2 Objective GENERAL OBJECTIVES To determine body weight status and financial status with food insecurity among university students’ food bank users. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES To identify the association between body weight status and financial status with food insecurity among university students food bank users. To assess the body weight status and food insecurity using the Household Food Security Status Module (HFSSM) of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). To identify financial status and food insecurity among university students food bank users using Household Food Security Scale Module (HFSSM).1.3 Hypothesis NULL HYPOTHESIS There is no association between financial status with food insecurity among university students’ food bank users. There is no association between body weight status and financial status with food insecurity among university students’ food bank users. ALTERNATE HYPOTHESIS There is an association between financial status with food insecurity among university students’ food bank users. There is an association between body weight status and financial status with food insecurity among university students’ food bank users. 1.4 Problem Statement There is an investigation and correlation between students’ weight and financial condition, as well as their use of the campus food bank. Food insecurity is a common problem among college students (FI). There must be further measures made to relieve student FI because the majority of students are not eligible for government nutrition aid. There have been a number of proposed and approved state laws, resolutions, and legislation that address college financial aid, which vary in scope, complexity, and effectiveness. All in all, states have shown that they can play an important role when it comes to financial aid; however, financial aid for higher education will continue to be a difficult issue, especially in light of recent widespread joblessness caused by coronavirus disease 2019 and the global fight for economic recovery. REFERENCE: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31142305/#article-details https://canadianfoodstudies.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/cfs/article/view/204 https://etd.ohiolink.edu/apexprod/rws_etd/send_file/send?accession=kent1492466215893925&disposition=inline https://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/publication/92331/assessing_food_insecurity_on_campus_0.pdf https://ejssh.uitm.edu.my/images/Vol5Sept2021/HOT14069_EJSSHVOL5_10_SEPT2021.pdf https://www.researchgate.net/publication/346576540_Financial_problems_associated_with_food_insecurity_among_public_university_students_in_Peninsular_Malaysia https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31056956/#article-details https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335943748_Prevalence_and_factors_affecting_food_insecurity_among_university_students_in_Pahang_Malaysia https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325884507_Food_Insecurity_and_Academic_Disruption_Among_College_Students https://hrmars.com/papers_submitted/11235/the-food-bank-siswa-program-in-addressing-food-insecurity-healthy-diet-and-food-poverty.pdf BiologyScienceNutrition HEALTH SCI YRS
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