# solved: PART III. EVALUATING INDUCTION. Each of the following arguments are…

PART III. EVALUATING INDUCTION. Each of the following arguments are…PART III. EVALUATING INDUCTION. Each of the following arguments are inductive. After each passage, evaluate the argument as strong or weak. If the argument is strong, determine whether it is cogent or uncogent. All weak arguments are uncogent, of course. The given facts below are true. (2 points each: 10 points total.) These are true facts:There are 100 marbles in this jar.The marbles are randomly distributed.All selections are random.There are 30 solid-colored marbles: of these, 10 are white, 15 are black and 5 are orange.There are 50 cat’s eye marbles: of these, 20 are green, 20 are blue, and 10 are orange.There are 20 smoky marbles: of these, 2 are orange, 11 are gray and 7 are purple.All relevant information about the marbles is given above. 1. There are 100 marbles in this jar. The marbles are randomly distributed. There are 30 solid-colored marbles. There are 50 cat’s eye marbles. There are 20 smoky marbles. If I were to select a marble from the jar randomly, therefore, it would more likely be a cat’s eye than solid-colored or smoky individually. 2. There are 100 marbles in this jar. The marbles are randomly distributed. There are 30 solid-colored marbles. There are 50 cat’s eye marbles. There are 20 smoky marbles. Therefore, if I were to select a marble from the jar randomly, it would more likely be solid-colored than smoky. 3. There are 100 marbles in this jar. The marbles are randomly distributed. There are 30 solid-colored marbles: of these, 10 are white, 15 are black and 5 are orange. There are 50 cat’s eye marbles: of these, 20 are green, 20 are blue, and 10 are orange. There are 20 smoky marbles: of these, 2 are orange, 11 are gray and 7 are purple. Therefore, if I were to select a marble from the jar randomly, there is a 17% probability that it is orange. 4. There are 100 marbles in this jar. The marbles are randomly distributed. There are 30 solid-colored marbles: of these, 10 are white, 15 are black and 5 are orange. There are 50 cat’s eye marbles: of these, 20 are green, 20 are blue, and 10 are orange. There are 20 smoky marbles: of these, 2 are orange, 11 are gray and 7 are purple. Therefore, if I were to select a marble from the jar randomly, there is an equal probability that the marble is either solid black or smoky gray. 5. There are 100 marbles in this jar. The marbles are randomly distributed. There are 30 solid-colored marbles: of these, 10 are white, 15 are black and 5 are orange. There are 50 cat’s eye marbles: of these, 20 are green, 20 are blue, and 10 are orange. There are 20 smoky marbles: of these, 2 are orange, 11 are gray and 7 are purple. Therefore, if I were to select a marble from the jar randomly, there is a greater chance that the marble is green than that it is smoky. Arts & HumanitiesPhilosophy PHI 100

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