solved: Watch this video to get a clearer understanding of the terms…

  

Watch this video to get a clearer understanding of the terms…Watch this video to get a clearer understanding of the terms patriotism and nationalism:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efjH-lSwdNE Watch this video to get a clearer understanding of the terms cultural relativism and ethnocentrism:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wlyS4zrklww Watch this video on absolutism, relativism & universalism:https://youtu.be/Z6XJTWEJ_nQEthnocentrismCultural RelativismThis is judging other cultures based on the preconceptions originating in the standards and customs of one’s own cultureThis is the notion that a culture should be understood on its own terms, not using standard of another cultureInvolves looking at another culture from the perspective of one’s own cultureInvolves looking at another culture by its own perspective instead of one’s own cultureAn ethnocentric individual will believe that his culture is better, ‘correct’ and ‘normal’A person who believes in cultural relativism understands that one culture is not better than another ETHNOCENTRISM, CULTURAL RELATIVISM, AND UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTSWhen we encounter cultural practices or beliefs that differ from our own, there are several approaches we can take.  An ethnocentric approach uses the standards of one’s own culture to judge the practices of people from other cultures.  In contrast, a cultural relativist approach involves evaluating an individual’s behaviors based on their own cultural context.  Most researchers of culture have adopted a philosophy of cultural relativism to some extent but view as unacceptable cultural practices that violate universal human rights, such as the killing of women considered to have violated their family’s honor (Woolf & Hulsizer, 2013).  These concepts have important applications beyond the study of culture and psychology.  For example, courts in many countries with multicultural populations are grappling with cultural offense cases in which an act viewed as appropriate among members of a specific subpopuation violates the laws of that country (Muzzica, Tamborra, & Amarelli, 2015).This activity encourages you to explore the complexities of applying the concepts of ethnocentrism, cultural relativism and universal rights. Directions: For each of the incidents listed below, discuss your opinion and then indicate whether that opinion is driven by ethnocentrism, cultural relativism, or universal human rights.A Quebec court has ruled that a 12-year old Sikh boy should be allowed to wear his ceremonial sword – known as a kirpan – while he is at school. For devout Sikh men, wearing the kirpan is an essential part of the religious faith. The decision overturned one made by his school, which banned him from car-rying the small blunt metal dagger because they regarded it as a weapon. Do you believe the court made the correct decision? Is your response based on ethnocentrism, cultural relativism, or universal rights? Please explain.In 1985, upon learning that her husband had a mistress, a Japanese woman living in the United States attempted parent-child suicide by walking into the ocean with her two children. Her two children drowned in the attempt, but she survived and although she was charged with murder by the California Superior Court, she was convicted of the lesser a charge of voluntary manslaughter and sentenced to one year in prison. While illegal in Japan, this ancient Japanese custom, called oyako-shinju has tended to be treated with leniency since it is viewed as a means by which a family can avoid an otherwise unacceptable social predicament (Nambu, Nasu, Nishimura, & Fujiwara, 2011). Oyako-shinju is based on the traditional cultural belief that it is crueler to leave the children behind with no one to look after them than it is for the mother to take them with her to the afterlife. Do you believe the court made the correct decision? Is your response based on ethnocentrism, cultural relativism, or universal rights? Please explain.In 2017, the European Court of Justice ruled that employers have the right to stop employees from wearing visible religious symbols, including clothing (such as the burka and niqab) and headscarves (such as hijab) worn in the name of Islam. Do you believe the European Court of Justice made the correct decision? Is your response based on ethnocentrism, cultural relativism, or universal rights? Please explain.In 2005, King Abdulaziz University of Saudi Arabia paid Virginia Tech University $246,000 to design and operate summer courses for 60 of the King Abdulaziz faculty – courses that were held on the Virginia Tech campus. Following Saudi custom and the preferences of the King Abdulaziz University professors, the 30 female professors and 30 male professors were taught inseparate classes. Several Virginia Tech faculty members objected, stating that this action violated federal anti-discrimination laws. Do you believe that Virginia Tech made the correct decision? Is your response based on ethnocentrism, cultural relativism, or universal rights? Please explain.Although bullfighting is illegal in the United States, a bullfighting academy has been operating in Southern California since 1996. Students at this school do not train with real animals, yet the San Diego County Humane Society opposes the school, which it views as promoting animal cruelty. One of the founders of the academy, however, takes the position that bullfighting is an important cultural practice and should not be prohibited. Do you believe this school should be allowed to operate? Is your response based on ethnocentrism, cultural relativism, or universal human (or animal) rights? Please explain. Social SciencePsychology PSYC MISC

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