solved: Rationale The difference between a policy memo [1] and a policy…


Rationale The difference between a policy memo [1] and a policy…RationaleThe difference between a policy memo[1] and a policy brief is that the memo provides “… the rationale for choosing a particular policy alternative or specific course of action. In this sense, most policy memos possess a component of advocacy and policy advice …” However, we are writing a policy issue brief. “A policy brief presents a concise summary of information that can help readers understand, and likely make decisions about, government policies.[2]” An example is online in the Final Policy Portfolio Module. The brief should be objective and present all sides of an issue. The elevator speech is simply the spoken version of the policy issue brief. Focus more on explaining the problem, the stakeholders and where the issue is in the process. Speaking a complex issue succinctly is critical for time-pressed policymakers/practitioners working on decisions. Instructions single spaced policy brief or 3 minute elevator speech for a policymaker facing a decision, using  high quality sources plus the information, course content/concepts and feedback generated from your Quick Writes.  Describe the policy issue and where it is in process for an audience, policymaker or otherwise, who is faced with a possible decision or upcoming meeting with a constituent or policy leader (Speaker of the House, Mayor, etc). Presume the reader has no knowledge of the issue, but understands federalism, processes and theories. Don’t explain basics, quote the textbook/course concepts or discuss theory, otherwise you’ll lose credibility.   The IssueStakeholders: Which policymakers, interest groups, constituents are involved, at risk, & may be making decisionsProblem & risk:Conflict, need, problem at hand (Be sure to include all sides. See rubric.)Consequences/risk: What is at stake (risk); the consequences, and for who? (For constituents, the city/county/ state/country, the (who might s/he be supporting or opposing in any given decision? Consequences to policymaker?)History of the issue and/or policy process: How the issue came to be (framing/agenda setting, and specific localities, states, bills, lawsuits branches and levels of government, etc)Public policy processes & strategies in issue (problem/agenda setting, solutions, adaptation (rulemaking), implementation or evaluation, or a combination). Should include:Current or proposed solutions/policies/rules/regs/lawsuits. Be specific (Missouri Senate Bill 380 The Outstanding Schools Act 1993)Pros and cons of solutions/policies/rules/regs/lawsuits from perspective of stakeholder or you as author/policy analyst   At least 2 peer-reviewed journal articles or other academic sources (books, particularly edited volumes). May include legal briefs, writings, or objective interviews, but be careful of bias.Research reports from university centers, non-partisan think tanks, government (like GAO), etc. Visuals such as graphics, tables or other data from these sources may be used as well.Interviews (email, call, Skype, etc). May include policymakers or non-government actors     Arts & HumanitiesCommunicationsPublic Relations PUB_AF 8170

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